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  • Peter Ingram

Episode 3: When two civilizations meet

This is the last of the New Years Eve 2020 burst of releases. More to come!


In this episode we see how the Kingdom of the Kongo met the Portuguese and established itself on the global stage of the 15th and 16th Centuries.


This was not easy and there was conflict both with the Europeans, other African peoples and internally.


For this episode I present an image of a 1570s map by Abraham Ortelius. You can see here that the Kingdom of the Kongo is present, although both the Kingdom and the capital, MBanza Kongo, are labelled as Manicongo.


We can also see the imagined lakes and inland mountains created to prevent a blank space and show the source of the rivers.


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